Masar Badil salutes Palestinian “resistance forces” and “armed struggle”

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Khaled Barakat, co-founder of Masar Badil Photo: screenshot YouTube Masar Badil

On April 28-30, 2023, the Masar Badil, the Palestinian Alternative Revolutionary Path, held in Ottawa its “Liberation Conference.”

According to Masar Badil’s website:


Please note: our venues are confirmed for Friday and Saturday! To receive venue information, you must register to attend. Please do so here.

Join the Masar Badil (Palestinian Alternative Revolutionary Path) in North America for a conference, strategy session and march for collective liberation and anti-colonial struggle, linking Indigenous, Black, Palestinian and workers’ liberation movements as well as global struggles. Topics include: Anti-Imperialism and the International People’s Tribunal on U.S. Imperialism, Palestinian Prisoners and the Resistance, Organizing for Return to Palestine, Building the Boycott Movement, Anti-Zionism: An Anti-Colonial Struggle, Palestine and Working-Class Struggle Across Borders, and the Free the Holy Land 5 Campaign. This gathering will focus specifically on building the liberation struggle in North America. Organizations and activists working to achieve this and in support of our key principles are invited to attend and participate.

This conference is taking place on the unceded and unsurrendered land of the Algonquin Anishinaabe Nation. We stand in full solidarity with Indigenous struggles for self-determination and sovereignty and against Canadian and U.S. settler colonialism.

The program will include:

Friday, April 28: Palestine Forum (10 am – 8 pm) – A gathering of activists, organizers and strugglers developing a strategic plan for our collective movement.

Saturday, April 29: Liberation Conference (10 am – 7 pm) – Workshops, panel discussions and strategy sessions on a variety of topics, including the People’s Tribunal on US Imperialism, the Holy Land 5 and Palestinian Prisoners, Indigenous and Black Liberation, Filipino and Palestinian Struggles, and Labour and Working-Class Organizing. Full details and schedule TBA.

Sunday, April 30: Return And Liberation March in Ottawa – 2:00 pm, Human Rights Monument, 220 Elgin Street, Ottawa: Take the streets in a march against settler colonialism and imperialism and for liberation! On the 75th anniversary of the ongoing Nakba, we march for collective liberation.

This congregation will build on the learnings and internationalist network of the Masar Badil, the Palestinian Alternative Revolutionary Path Movement, especially its week of actions in Brussels during October 2022 and its founding conference in Madrid, Sao Paulo and Beirut in October 2021.




The Liberation Conference is open by registration only. It is open to all organizations and activists that adhere to our key principle of organizing.

We will ask for a donation when registering to cover the costs of venue/supplies/etc, but admission is by sliding scale, including free admission.

Details, including Venue information for the non-public sessions of the Palestine Forum and the Liberation Conference, will be shared with those who register for the Conference.

Do you have questions? Email us at [email protected].

The introduction of the online form of registration reads:

Organizers, activists, organizations and concerned individuals working for justice and liberation and confronting colonialism are invited to register for the Conference.

The conference is taking place in so-called Canada, but it will focus on organizing throughout North America and throughout the Palestinian diaspora and inside Palestine.

Venue information and other details will be provided to approved registrants! Please note, we will ask for a registration donation, but this is modest and by sliding scale. If you cannot afford to pay an entry fee, you are welcome to attend.

If you or your organization is interested in presenting a workshop at the conference or you have any other questions, please email us at [email protected].

The introduction of the online form of endorsement reads:

We invite you to endorse the Liberation Conference 2023! Join our endorsers (below) in the movement and add your voice, your name and your support to this important project.

Please share information about the Liberation Conference with your members and supporters on your lists, social media, websites and through meetings.

If your organization is interested in presenting a workshop at the conference, please email us at [email protected].

The program of Masar Badil’s Liberation Conference:

Friday, April 28

FRIDAY SESSION: Palestine Liberation Forum. 10 am – 8 pm, LOCATION AVAILABLE UPON REGISTRATION. The Friday session will include a series of strategic discussions and planning sessions for sustainable development of our liberation movement work, including cross-movement solidarity and organizational building. All organizations participating will be invited to introduce themselves and their work.

Saturday, April 29

SATURDAY SESSION: Liberation Conference, 10 am – 8 pm, LOCATION AVAILABLE UPON REGISTRATION. The Saturday session will include a series of panels and workshops, including:

Connecting Struggles: Indigenous, Black and Palestinian Liberation

Internationalism and Anti-Imperialism

The International People’s Tribunal on U.S. Imperialism

Palestinian political prisoners: Breaking the chains

The Boycott Movement: Mobilizing our Forces

Sunday, April 30

SUNDAY: Liberation March, 2:00 pm. Gather at the Human Rights Monument (220 Elgin Street), followed by March. Endorsed by a broad array of organizations! Please share widely and invite all to attend.

The Liberation March is a march for return and liberation for Palestine and for victory for the Palestinian resistance from the river to the sea. It is also a May Day March and Rally bringing together a broad alliance of Ottawa organizations to rally for workers’ liberation, from Turtle Island to Palestine and beyond. Join us!

Donation for Masar Badil in Canada and the United States:

Your donations will help to defray the costs of the conference, including venue rental, food and supplies, documentation and publicity, and travel.

If you would like to donate via interac e-transfer in Canada, please e-transfer to [email protected]. The answer to your question should be “liberation.”

If you would like to donate from the United States, please send a check to: “Alliance for Global Justice” or “AfGJ”

225 E 26th St., Suite 1

Tucson, AZ 85713

Please put “Samidoun” in the memo line.

If you have any questions, please email us at [email protected].

Thank you for your support!

List of organizations that endorsed Masar Badil’s Liberation Conference:

  • Masar Badil
  • Samidoun – Palestinian Prisoner Solidarity Network
  • OORING Carleton
  • SJP Carleton
  • Toronto4Palestine
  • Al-Awda – The Palestine Right to Return Coalition
  • Canada Palestine Association
  • The Black Alliance for Peace
  • BDS Vancouver – Coast Salish Terrotories
  • Within Our Lifetime
  • Canadian BDS Coalition
  • Oakville Palestinian Rights Association
  • Anti-Imperialist Alliance – AIA
  • Palestinian Solidarity Group – University of Windsor
  • Convivencia Alliance
  • PAJU – Palestiniens et juifs unis
  • Just Peace Advocates – Mouvement pour une Paix juste
  • SUPER – Students United for Palestinian Equality and Return – University of Washington
  • OCHRP – Ontario Committee for Human Rights in the Philippines
  • Sur Toronto
  • Montreal4Palestine
  • Justice Now
  • International People’s Tribunal on US Imperialism
  • Indiana Center for Middle East Peace Inc.
  • JNP – Jewish Network for Palestine
  • Good Shepherd Collective
  • CPSO – Canada – Philippines Solidarity Organization
  • Rosette Fair Trade
  • Maine Voices for Palestinian Rights
  • Tikun Olam
  • Africa4Palestine
  • Le Froit de vivre en paix Montreal
  • Canadians United Against Hate
  • PLR América Latina
  • Behind Enemy Lines – Anti-Imperialist Resistance
  • CPC Ottawa – Canada’s Revolutionary Party of Socialism
  • Oakland Jericho Free Em All

On May 1, 2023, Masar Badil published the “Ottawa Declaration of the Masar Badil conference in North America”:

Ottawa Declaration – Palestine Liberation Conference: Envisioning Liberation, Confronting Colonialism

Masar Badil: Palestinian Alternative Revolutionary Path Movement

May 1, 2023

We dedicate the work of this conference to the memory of Lee Maracle; to the life of Walid Daqqah, who continues to struggle in the Zionist occupation prisons while battling cancer, and to all Palestinian political prisoners.

Under the slogan and framework, “With the resistance until the liberation of Palestine, from the river to the sea,” and on the land of the Algonquin Anishinaabe people in Ottawa, Canada, amid the approach of the 75th anniversary of the founding of the racist Zionist settler colonial entity “Israel” and the Palestinian Nakba that has been ongoing since 1948, and on the eve of 1 May, the Masar Badil, the Palestinian Alternative Revolutionary Path Movement, convened a conference in North America on 28-30 April 2023.

The conference issued the following political declaration:

From here, at the heart of the imperialist core in the east of North America, and as a challenge to the Zionist movement and its agents, and in order to achieve the unity and cohesion of the Palestinian, Arab and international fronts and arenas confronting imperialism, Zionism, racism and reaction, dozens of popular organizations, women’s organizations, student organizations and labour organizations, alongside academic, youth and legal activists, participated in the first North American conference of the Masar Badil, the Palestinian Alternative Revolutionary Path Movement. Extensive dialogues and discussion took place in a comradely atmosphere over the course of three days in the conference that bore the name. “Palestine: Envisioning Liberation, Confronting Colonialism.” At the end of its work, the conference announced the official launch of the branch of the movement in North America, on the road to return and liberation of Palestine, from the river to the sea.

Today, we in the Masar Badil, the Palestinian Alternative Revolutionary Path Movement, salute the struggle of the Palestinian Arab people, affirming and renewing our absolute and unconditional loyalty to the people of Palestine, their just cause, their rights and all their national goals, committed to the revolutionary democratic struggle to achieve the goal of a historic and continuous revolution of liberation in the face of Zionism and colonialism, in order to achieve the return of Palestinian refugees to their homes, villages and cities from which they were expelled, and to walk together on the path of removing and dismantling the racist Zionist settler entity (“Israel”) and sweeping away this project from the land of Palestine and liberating the occupied Syrian Arab Golan, the Shebaa Farms and the Lebanese Kfarchouba hills.

In the same context, the conference of our movement extends a Palestinian, Arab and international salute to the resistance forces in occupied Palestine, with all of its battalions, brigades, committees, and heroic armed forces, and to the forces of the “Lion’s Den” and the fighters of the cities, villages and camps of the West Bank, and to the masses of activists throughout the land of Palestine, led by the Palestinian prisoners’ movement in the prisons and detention centers of the occupation. The Palestinian resistance, and with it and before it, the struggling prisoners’ movement and the revolutionary youth of the intifada, constitute the vanguard of the Palestinian people, its solid revolutionary core and the leadership of the national liberation struggle in Palestine. The Masar Badil, the Palestinian Alternative Revolutionary Path Movement, will always be a revolutionary, popular, struggling support for the liberation movement throughout the occupied land, from the river to the sea.

In this political declaration, the Masar Badil movement confirms the continuation of its mission and responsibility to strengthen the relationships of struggle between the Palestinian people’s movement and the struggle of the indigenous peoples of Turtle Island, the Black liberation movement, and the movements of the oppressed, impoverished masses and those displaced from their homelands on the continent.

On International Workers’ Day, the movement salutes the struggles and sacrifices of the world’s workers, the struggling popular classes in the Arab world and in occupied Palestine, in the refugee camps and in exile and diaspora, and calls for supporting their steadfastness as the popular majority affected by the systems of colonialism, exploitation and capitalism, with a real interest in revolutionary democratic change and the accomplishment of the tasks of national and social liberation.

The movement calls to escalate the struggle at all levels, in all locations, regions and arenas, and confronting the U.S., Canadian and European policies that support the occupation and its institutions. The movement declares, once again, its rejection of the inclusion of Palestinian, Lebanese and Arab resistance forces, as well as many fellow liberation forces around the world, on the so-called “terrorist lists” in the U.S., Canada and Europe. The conference also announces the launch of an ongoing popular campaign against the criminalization of revolutionary forces and liberation movements, from Palestine to Lebanon to the Philippines.

In this context, the Masar Badil movement affirms the rallying of the Palestinian people in the homeland and in exile and diaspora, the peoples of our Arab and Islamic nations, and the free people of the world, around the approach of resistance and liberation. We renew our pledge to the martyrs, wounded and prisoners who have marched on the path of revolutionary struggle, and we reaffirm the right of the Palestinian people to practice all forms of struggle for the liberation of Palestine, first and foremost of which is the revolutionary armed struggle.

The movement considers that all of the revolutions of the Palestinian Arab people and their successive national and historical intifadas since 1947 have been and still are continuing in order to achieve the return to the homeland, the liberation of the land and people of Palestine, and the decisive, conclusive victory over the Zionist entity.

The Palestinian people, inside Palestine and in exile and diaspora, are struggling for the liberation of Jerusalem, their unified, eternal capital, and to build a new society in all of liberated Palestine, free from racism, Zionism, oppression and exploitation, a society based on the foundations and rules of justice, peace, equality and socialism, and guaranteeing the achievement of social justice and freedom for all its people under the absolute sovereignty of the Palestinian people and their national banner, the flag of Palestine.

The Palestinian Arab people have struggled for decades to achieve their rights, freedoms and complete national independence, and to exercise their right to self-determination over all of their land, and for this they have made and are still making the greatest sacrifices. They will continue this historic fight, no matter how severe the challenges, in order to achieve their aspirations and hopes. The Palestinian people did not fight to establish a so-called “government” or a deformed security entity and a miserable puppet authority in the occupied West Bank.


The movement renews its rejection of all treacherous treaties and agreements concluded by the PLO and the Arab and Muslim regimes with Israel, and considers them illegitimate, null and void. It calls for these agreements to be overthrown by popular force, and to confront normalization with the Zionist enemy. Our movement adheres to the principles of united and democratic revolutionary action in order to expand and develop the comprehensive movement to boycott the occupation, its institutions and all of its supporters.

To achieve this goal, our movement aims to strengthen its presence among our people, especially students, youth, women and workers, in universities, secondary schools, and labour unions. It will work to develop its relationship with the various liberation movements on the continent, strengthen international popular support for the resistance, and continue the struggle against the alliance between imperialism led by the United States, and the racist, settler colonial Zionist entity in Palestine, and all of the reactionary forces (the normalizers and those allied with them) in the Arab region and the world.

The Palestinian Alternative Revolutionary Path Movement reaffirms its decision and determination to escalate its mass, media, social and cultural revolutionary work, in various fields of popular struggle, to defeat and overthrow the puppet self-rule project in the occupied West Bank and defeat the so-called “two state solution” project of Oslo and sweep away its disastrous results, especially as the anniversary of the crime of the treacherous Oslo Accords is approaching 30 years on 13 September 2023.

In this statement, our movement affirms all of the decisions of its first conference, in the Madrid Declaration of 2021, and what was stated in the Brussels Declaration of 2022. We call for greater unity of the forces of the Arab, Islamic and international camp of resistance, with its various intellectual, political and struggling currents in the Arab world and the region. This includes strengthening the popular revolutionary alliance with all peoples, groups, resistance movements, parties and popular currents in the world that oppose imperialism, Zionism, fascism and reaction.

The unity of the Arab resistance camp and the tasks of developing its comprehensive capabilities in the face of major challenges, require a reconsideration of the role and position of the Arab national liberation movement, the resumption of revolutionary democratic struggle against regimes of dependency, backwardness and reaction and their agents, and the path of comprehensive popular revolution to eliminate colonial hegemony and sweep away the bases of U.S. and foreign occupation in its carious military, political and economic forms and manifestations in the broader Arab world.

On this path, the movement will strive to support the struggle of Arab women, liberate political prisoners from Arab prisons, defend the peoples of the region, their resources and wealth, extract their natural right to self-determination and restore their historical and civilizational role from the ocean to the Gulf.

Our movement affirms its principled support for the peoples who are subjected to wars of starvation, punishment and U.S.-European-Zionist blockades, especially in Iran, Cuba, Bolivia, Syria, Lebanon, Palestine (the Gaza Strip in particular), Venezuela, Zimbabwe and others, and rejects foreign interference in their internal affairs. The movement also calls for adopting internal dialogue as an alternative path to destructive wars, sectarian conflict and self-destructive policies. The movement renews its position rejecting the damaging, unjust proxy war taking place in Sudan and the military conflict between Russia and Ukraine, whose fire is fueled by NATO in Washington, Brussels, Berlin, Ottawa and elsewhere.

The Palestinian Alternative Revolutionary Path Movement seeks to develop its comradely relations with all the forces of liberation and progress in the continents of North and South America, Africa and Asia, and with the indigenous peoples of the Global North and South, and the Black Liberation movement in the United States. It is committed to nurturing and maintaining these relations based on the principles of dialogue, respect and solidarity, and to strengthening the common struggle against the forces of exploitation, plunder, racism and capitalism.

The conference of our movement in North America confirms the central and decisive role of the masses of the Palestinian people in the diaspora, especially in the camps of Syria, Lebanon and Jordan, and the strategic role of the Palestinian popular communities in Europe, Latin America and all areas of refuge. In this regard, we declare our support for our comrades in Samidoun Palestinian Prisoner Solidarity Network, who are bravely facing all forms of incitement, harassment, racism and oppression at the hands of the German state and its political, security and media agencies.

The movement declares its condemnation of German government agencies to ban the activities of Al-Quds Day, Palestinian Prisoners’ Day and, in 2022, Nakba Day and marches for return, in Berlin. It also condemns the German racist media that promotes and invents lies to affect public opinion in Germany to serve the interests of its partners in Washington and Tel Aviv.

In this regard, we call on all comradely and supportive forces to participate in a global popular campaign to confront European racist policies that target the Palestinian people and our comrades in Germany, France, the Netherlands, Belgium, Spain and all of Europe.

The movement highly appreciates the efforts of all of our comrades in Ottawa, and the friends who traveled from various Canadian and U.S. regions and cities to participate in the movement’s conference and the March of Return and Liberation, on the road of return, liberation and victory.

Long live the struggle of the Palestinian people!

Long live the struggle of the peoples of our Arab nation for liberation, dignity, sovereignty and the right to self-determination!

Long live international revolutionary solidarity!

Victory is coming for the people of Palestine and all the struggling peoples!

Masar Badil’s “Principles of Struggle”:

First: Palestine, with its historical borders, is a single territorial unit. No distinction is made between the part of Palestine which fell under Zionist occupation in 1948 or 1967. Palestine is an integral part of the great Arab homeland, and it is the natural home of the Palestinian people.

Second: The catastrophe experienced by the Palestinian people since 1947, including uprooting, displacement, ethnic cleansing, denial of the right to return, colonization and the dismantling of the social, economic and political structures of Palestinian society, represents a continuous and ongoing historical injustice practiced by the Zionist movement and its state entity, supported by global imperialism and reactionary local forces.

Third: There can be no end to the historical and ongoing injustice inflicted upon the Palestinian people except through the full implementation of the right to return of the Palestinian people to their original homes, not a partial or incomplete return, and obtaining compensation in addition to their return, for all of the crimes that have been committed against them.

Fourth: The Palestinian people, in their struggle for the liberation of their homeland, their return to that land and their self-determination upon it, were organized within the framework of the Palestine Liberation Organization. The Palestinian people defined their goals and means of struggle in the Palestinian National Charter approved at the fourth session of the Palestinian National Council (Cairo, July 17, 1968). Any amendment to this charter affecting the complete liberation of and full return to Palestine is considered null, void and rejected.

Fifth: All agreements, understandings and settlements concluded since the Madrid Conference of 1991 are considered null, void and rejected. No Palestinian project or entity has any legitimacy unless it adheres to the following principles: a) the land of Palestine is one single unit. B) the full right of return of refugees and displaced persons to their original homes, restoration of their properties and compensation for their damages and losses; c) the right of the Palestinian people, in full, wherever they are, to determine their own destiny on the land of Palestine.

Sixth: The relationship between the various components of the Palestinian people, inside Palestine and in shatat (diaspora), is an integrated and unitary relationship. No area of struggle is “unique” except for the contributions it may make and roles it may play to further the creative integration of collective struggle, leading to the achievement of total liberation of Palestine.

Seventh: The Palestinian people, who are struggling against a Zionist colonial project supported by all imperialist and reactionary forces, draw lessons from and inherit the achievements and legacies of global national liberation movements and are companions and comrades for all of these movements.

Eighth: Every attempt to block or suppress the progress of the Palestinian people’s struggle, in whatever form, constitutes complicity with and support for the crimes of Zionist colonialism that are committed daily against the Palestinian people.

Ninth: The Palestinian people, recognizing their role as an advance vanguard of the Arab liberation movement in the struggle against imperialism and Zionism, calls upon all of the democratic and progressive forces and popular movements of the world to provide all forms of support to the struggle to achieve their full rights and national liberation.

Palestinian National Charter as appears under the “Principles” section on Masar Badil’s website:

The Palestinian National Charter: Resolutions of the Palestine National Council July 1-17, 1968

Text of the Charter:

Article 1:

Palestine is the homeland of the Arab Palestinian people; it is an indivisible part of the Arab homeland, and the Palestinian people are an integral part of the Arab nation.

Article 2:

Palestine, with the boundaries it had during the British Mandate, is an indivisible territorial unit.

Article 3:

The Palestinian Arab people possess the legal right to their homeland and have the right to determine their destiny after achieving the liberation of their country in accordance with their wishes and entirely of their own accord and will.

Article 4:

The Palestinian identity is a genuine, essential, and inherent characteristic; it is transmitted from parents to children. The Zionist occupation and the dispersal of the Palestinian Arab people, through the disasters which befell them, do not make them lose their Palestinian identity and their membership in the Palestinian community, nor do they negate them.

Article 5:

The Palestinians are those Arab nationals who, until 1947, normally resided in Palestine regardless of whether they were evicted from it or have stayed there. Anyone born, after that date, of a Palestinian father – whether inside Palestine or outside it – is also a Palestinian.

Article 6:

The Jews who had normally resided in Palestine until the beginning of the Zionist invasion will be considered Palestinians.

Article 7:

That there is a Palestinian community and that it has material, spiritual, and historical connection with Palestine are indisputable facts. It is a national duty to bring up individual Palestinians in an Arab revolutionary manner. All means of information and education must be adopted in order to acquaint the Palestinian with his country in the most profound manner, both spiritual and material, that is possible. He must be prepared for the armed struggle and ready to sacrifice his wealth and his life in order to win back his homeland and bring about its liberation.

Article 8:

The phase in their history, through which the Palestinian people are now living, is that of national (watani) struggle for the liberation of Palestine. Thus the conflicts among the Palestinian national forces are secondary, and should be ended for the sake of the basic conflict that exists between the forces of Zionism and of imperialism on the one hand, and the Palestinian Arab people on the other. On this basis the Palestinian masses, regardless of whether they are residing in the national homeland or in diaspora (mahajir) constitute – both their organizations and the individuals – one national front working for the retrieval of Palestine and its liberation through armed struggle.

Article 9:

Armed struggle is the only way to liberate Palestine. This it is the overall strategy, not merely a tactical phase. The Palestinian Arab people assert their absolute determination and firm resolution to continue their armed struggle and to work for an armed popular revolution for the liberation of their country and their return to it . They also assert their right to normal life in Palestine and to exercise their right to self-determination and sovereignty over it.

Article 10:

Commando action constitutes the nucleus of the Palestinian popular liberation war. This requires its escalation, comprehensiveness, and the mobilization of all the Palestinian popular and educational efforts and their organization and involvement in the armed Palestinian revolution. It also requires the achieving of unity for the national (watani) struggle among the different groupings of the Palestinian people, and between the Palestinian people and the Arab masses, so as to secure the continuation of the revolution, its escalation, and victory.

Article 11:

The Palestinians will have three mottoes: national (wataniyya) unity, national (qawmiyya) mobilization, and liberation.

Article 12:

The Palestinian people believe in Arab unity. In order to contribute their share toward the attainment of that objective, however, they must, at the present stage of their struggle, safeguard their Palestinian identity and develop their consciousness of that identity, and oppose any plan that may dissolve or impair it.

Article 13:

Arab unity and the liberation of Palestine are two complementary objectives, the attainment of either of which facilitates the attainment of the other. Thus, Arab unity leads to the liberation of Palestine, the liberation of Palestine leads to Arab unity; and work toward the realization of one objective proceeds side by side with work toward the realization of the other.

Article 14:

The destiny of the Arab nation, and indeed Arab existence itself, depend upon the destiny of the Palestine cause. From this interdependence springs the Arab nation’s pursuit of, and striving for, the liberation of Palestine. The people of Palestine play the role of the vanguard in the realization of this sacred (qawmi) goal.

Article 15:

The liberation of Palestine, from an Arab viewpoint, is a national (qawmi) duty and it attempts to repel the Zionist and imperialist aggression against the Arab homeland, and aims at the elimination of Zionism in Palestine. Absolute responsibility for this falls upon the Arab nation – peoples and governments – with the Arab people of Palestine in the vanguard. Accordingly, the Arab nation must mobilize all its military, human, moral, and spiritual capabilities to participate actively with the Palestinian people in the liberation of Palestine. It must, particularly in the phase of the armed Palestinian revolution, offer and furnish the Palestinian people with all possible help, and material and human support, and make available to them the means and opportunities that will enable them to continue to carry out their leading role in the armed revolution, until they liberate their homeland.

Article 16:

The liberation of Palestine, from a spiritual point of view, will provide the Holy Land with an atmosphere of safety and tranquility, which in turn will safeguard the country’s religious sanctuaries and guarantee freedom of worship and of visit to all, without discrimination of race, color, language, or religion. Accordingly, the people of Palestine look to all spiritual forces in the world for support.

Article 17:

The liberation of Palestine, from a human point of view, will restore to the Palestinian individual his dignity, pride, and freedom. Accordingly the Palestinian Arab people look forward to the support of all those who believe in the dignity of man and his freedom in the world.

Article 18:

The liberation of Palestine, from an international point of view, is a defensive action necessitated by the demands of self-defense. Accordingly the Palestinian people, desirous as they are of the friendship of all people, look to freedom-loving, and peace-loving states for support in order to restore their legitimate rights in Palestine, to re-establish peace and security in the country, and to enable its people to exercise national sovereignty and freedom.

Article 19:

The partition of Palestine in 1947 and the establishment of the state of Israel are entirely illegal, regardless of the passage of time, because they were contrary to the will of the Palestinian people and to their natural right in their homeland, and inconsistent with the principles embodied in the Charter of the United Nations; particularly the right to self-determination.

Article 20:

The Balfour Declaration, the Mandate for Palestine, and everything that has been based upon them, are deemed null and void. Claims of historical or religious ties of Jews with Palestine are incompatible with the facts of history and the true conception of what constitutes statehood. Judaism, being a religion, is not an independent nationality. Nor do Jews constitute a single nation with an identity of its own; they are citizens of the states to which they belong.

Article 21:

The Arab Palestinian people, expressing themselves by the armed Palestinian revolution, reject all solutions which are substitutes for the total liberation of Palestine and reject all proposals aiming at the liquidation of the Palestinian problem, or its internationalization.

Article 22:

Zionism is a political movement organically associated with international imperialism and antagonistic to all action for liberation and to progressive movements in the world. It is racist and fanatic in its nature, aggressive, expansionist, and colonial in its aims, and fascist in its methods. Israel is the instrument of the Zionist movement, and geographical base for world imperialism placed strategically in the midst of the Arab homeland to combat the hopes of the Arab nation for liberation, unity, and progress. Israel is a constant source of threat vis-a-vis peace in the Middle East and the whole world. Since the liberation of Palestine will destroy the Zionist and imperialist presence and will contribute to the establishment of peace in the Middle East, the Palestinian people look for the support of all the progressive and peaceful forces and urge them all, irrespective of their affiliations and beliefs, to offer the Palestinian people all aid and support in their just struggle for the liberation of their homeland.

Article 23:

The demand of security and peace, as well as the demand of right and justice, require all states to consider Zionism an illegitimate movement, to outlaw its existence, and to ban its operations, in order that friendly relations among peoples may be preserved, and the loyalty of citizens to their respective homelands safeguarded.

Article 24:

The Palestinian people believe in the principles of justice, freedom, sovereignty, self-determination, human dignity, and in the right of all peoples to exercise them.

Article 25:

For the realization of the goals of this Charter and its principles, the Palestine Liberation Organization will perform its role in the liberation of Palestine in accordance with the Constitution of this Organization.

Article 26:

The Palestine Liberation Organization, representative of the Palestinian revolutionary forces, is responsible for the Palestinian Arab people’s movement in its struggle – to retrieve its homeland, liberate and return to it and exercise the right to self-determination in it – in all military, political, and financial fields and also for whatever may be required by the Palestine case on the inter-Arab and international levels.

Article 27:

The Palestine Liberation Organization shall cooperate with all Arab states, each according to its potentialities; and will adopt a neutral policy among them in the light of the requirements of the war of liberation; and on this basis it shall not interfere in the internal affairs of any Arab state.

Article 28:

The Palestinian Arab people assert the genuineness and independence of their national (wataniyya) revolution and reject all forms of intervention, trusteeship, and subordination.

Article 29:

The Palestinian people possess the fundamental and genuine legal right to liberate and retrieve their homeland. The Palestinian people determine their attitude toward all states and forces on the basis of the stands they adopt vis-a-vis to the Palestinian revolution to fulfill the aims of the Palestinian people.

Article 30:

Fighters and carriers of arms in the war of liberation are the nucleus of the popular army which will be the protective force for the gains of the Palestinian Arab people.

Article 31:

The Organization shall have a flag, an oath of allegiance, and an anthem. All this shall be decided upon in accordance with a special regulation.

Article 32:

Regulations, which shall be known as the Constitution of the Palestinian Liberation Organization, shall be annexed to this Charter. It will lay down the manner in which the Organization, and its organs and institutions, shall be constituted; the respective competence of each; and the requirements of its obligation under the Charter.

Article 33:

This Charter shall not be amended save by [vote of] a majority of two-thirds of the total membership of the National Congress of the Palestine Liberation Organization [taken] at a special session convened for that purpose.